Oil and Petroleum Products – How was oil formed?

Onyx Power and Gas Consulting continues a weekly series of an overall view of energy, starting from the basics of what energy is to a detailed analysis of energy on a global scale including renewable energy sources.  This series of news articles should provide a complete course on energy…enjoy, check out archives and come back each week for additional information on how all sorts of energy sources impact our daily lives.

How was oil formed?

Oil was formed from the remains of animals and plants (diatoms) that lived thousands of years ago in a marine (water) environment before the dinosaurs. Over thousands of years, the remains of these animals and plants were covered by layers of sand and silt. Heat and pressure from these layers helped the remains turn into what we today call crude oil. The word “petroleum” means “rock oil” or “oil from the earth.”

 

Petroleum & Natural Gas Formation

 

Products made from a barrel of crude oil

After crude oil is removed from the ground, it is sent to a refinery by pipeline, ship, or barge. At a refinery, different parts of the crude oil are separated into useable petroleum products.  Crude oil is measured in barrels (abbreviated “bbls”).

A 42-U.S. gallon barrel of crude oil provides about 45 gallons of petroleum products. This gain from processing the crude oil is similar to what happens to popcorn, which gets bigger after it is popped

Sweet & Sour Crude

 

What Fuels Are Made from Crude Oil?

After crude oil is removed from the ground, it is sent to a refinery by pipeline, ship, or barge. At a refinery, different parts of the crude oil are separated into useable petroleum products. Crude oil is measured in barrels (abbreviated “bbls”).

A 42-U.S. gallon barrel of crude oil provides about 45 gallons of petroleum products. This gain from processing the crude oil is similar to what happens to popcorn, which gets bigger after it’s popped. The gain from processing is 7%.

One barrel of crude oil, when refined, produces about 19 gallons of finished motor gasoline, and 10 gallons of diesel, as well as other petroleum products. Most petroleum products are used to produce energy. For instance, many people across the United States usepropane to heat their homes.

Products made from Crude Oil

 

Other products made from petroleum include:

  • Ink
  • Crayons
  • Dishwashing liquids
  • Deodorant
  • Eyeglasses
  • CDs and DVDs
  • Tires
  • Ammonia
  • Heart valves

What Is a Refinery?

A refinery is a factory. Just as a paper mill turns lumber into paper, a refinery takes crude oil and turns it into gasoline and many other useful petroleum products.

Refineries Operate 24/7

A typical refinery costs billions of dollars to build and millions more to maintain. A refinery runs 24 hours a day, 365 days a year and requires a large number of employees to run it. A refinery can occupy as much land as several hundred football fields. Workers often ride bicycles to move from place to place inside the complex.

The professional consultants at Onyx Power & Gas Consulting are always ahead of the current issues that may affect energy consumption and pricing. Now is the time to partner with an Onyx professional consultant to discuss energy management and secure energy prices based on today’s stable pricing.  Volatility in the energy markets makes it too precarious to take chances.  Partner with Onyx Power & Gas in Making Energy Make a Difference!

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